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Butterfly Valve Components- Disk, Seat, Stem

Views: 0     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2024-02-29      Origin: Site


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A butterfly valve is a quarter-turn rotational motion valve used to control the flow of fluids in various applications. It consists of several components that work together to regulate, stop or start the fluid flow. Here's an overview of the main components of a butterfly valve:

1. Disk (Butterfly Disk)

The disk is the central component of a butterfly valve. It's a flat circular disc mounted on a shaft or stem. When the valve is operated, the disk rotates within the valve body. In the closed position, the disk is perpendicular to the flow, fully blocking it. When rotated 90 degrees to be parallel with the flow passage, the valve is fully open, allowing fluid to pass through.

2. Seat

The seat is a critical sealing element in the butterfly valve. Located in the valve body, it is typically made from a resilient material such as rubber, PTFE, or other composites. As the disk rotates, it comes into contact with the seat to create a tight seal against leaks when the valve is closed. The seat can be either a liner inserted into the valve body or an integral part of the valve casting.

3. Stem

The stem connects the disk to the actuator outside the valve. It transfers the torque from the actuator to the disk for operation. The stem usually passes through the valve body and packing or a seal arrangement to prevent any leakage along the stem path.

4. Actuator

An actuator is used to operate the valve. It can be manual (like a hand lever or gear operator), pneumatic, hydraulic, or electric. The actuator provides the necessary force to rotate the stem and thus, the disk, between the open and closed positions.

5. Body

The valve body is the main housing that contains all internal components. It's designed to withstand the pressure of the system and provide a passage for the fluid. The body is often lined or coated to resist corrosion and wear due to the fluid being controlled.

6. Packing / Seal

This is a material surrounding the stem where it passes through the valve body. Its purpose is to prevent process fluid from leaking out or external contaminants from entering the system. Packing materials can include graphite, PTFE, or other high-performance compounds that maintain sealing integrity under various temperatures and pressures.

7. Liners (Optional)

Some butterfly valves use liners, especially in larger sizes or for more demanding service conditions. Liners are placed inside the valve body to enhance sealing performance, improve durability, or accommodate specific types of fluids.

8. Bearings

Bearings are sometimes included in the design to support the stem and reduce friction during operation, ensuring smooth movement of the disk and prolonging the valve's  life.

In summary, these core components work together to make butterfly valves effective and reliable in controlling fluid flow in pipelines across many industries including water treatment, oil & gas, chemical processing, and HVAC systems.

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